The German bombardment on Fort de Boussois and La Salmagne soon smashed the artillery and infantry positions. Fournier ordered the garrisons to evacuate the forts and take cover in the trenches dug in the intervals, which were less vulnerable. Parties of German troops probed the French defences at ouvrages La Salmagne and du Fagné but were engaged with artillery and small arms fire and retired to Vieux Reng and Grand Reng. Fournier ordered the bulk of the artillery on the outer perimeter to be withdrawn to the reserve position. South of the Sambre, artillery was to retire to bois des Bons Pères, in case the Germans gained a foothold between Fort de Boussois and Le Fagné north of the Sambre and attacked the citadel. The batteries of the fortress reserve and those at Épinettes were ordered south of Élesmes to defend the support line but lack of transport meant that the artillery was not moved in time. The weight of the German bombardment increased on the north-east quadrant of the entrenched camp, from Fort des Sarts to Fort de Boussois, breaking the will of some of the defenders. Fournier expected the Germans to make their main effort north of the Sambre from the east, with a smaller effort south of the river between Rocq and Fort de Cerfontaine. Fournier reorganised the defence by the expanding the Maubeuge sector along the Sambre on the right flank and to the defences between Héronfontaine and the Mons railway to the north. The general reserve was moved into the fourth sector, the 145th Infantry Regiment taking over the defence of the villages of Assevent and Élesmes, the 345th Reserve Infantry Regiment in the gap between. The 31st Colonial Regiment and the march battalion from the 145th Regiment depot, took over to the west of the Champ de Tir (Field of Fire) a triangle of ground north of the Sambre, eastwards from Maubeuge to Fort Boussois along the Sambre and Élesmes to the north-west. A third defence line to be held for as long as possible was dug hastily. The 75 mm field batteries of the general reserve were moved between Assevent and the Mons road. Ville, lacking a staff, improvised a headquarters at the Assevent crossroads with only an ordnance officer to assist him.
At Fort des Sarts, the garrison withstood bombardment by 150 mm artillery but from 1:30 p.m., the Germans brought 420 mm howitzers into action, penetrating the 0.5 m (1.6 ft) of clay cover and smashing its casemates. At about 3:00 p.m. most of the garrison deserted the fort and retreated Maubeuge. During the evening, the last defenders withdrew and the gunners, lacking explosives, retreated with the breech-blocks of their guns. Troops occupying farms and other positions in the vicinity stood their ground but the garrison of Ouvrage du Fagné also abandoned their post. German troops following up the French retreat took over the ouvrage but the attack the Ouvrage La Salmagne (Captain Eliet) failed. The German infantry retreated to Vieux Reng and Grand Reng.

投稿日時 - 2019-08-15 22:08:44




>The German bombardment ~ to the reserve position.

>South of the Sambre, artillery ~ of some of the defenders.

>Fournier expected the Germans ~ in the gap between.

>The 31st Colonial Regiment ~ officer to assist him.

>At Fort des Sarts, the garrison ~ Vieux Reng and Grand Reng.
⇒サールの砦では、守備隊が150ミリ砲による砲撃に耐えたが、ドイツ軍は午後1時30分から420ミリ榴弾砲を駆動し始め、0.5 m(1.6フィート)の粘土カバーを貫通して防爆掩蔽設備を粉砕した。午後3時頃、ほとんどの守備隊は砦を捨て、モーブージュを撤退した。夕方、最後の防御隊が撤退し、爆発物を持たない砲手は個々人の銃の銃身を盾にして退却した。近くの農場や他の陣地を占拠している軍隊は地面を守っていたが、ファニー細工営造の守備隊もその基地を放棄した。フランス軍の撤退に続いて、ドイツ軍が細工営造を引き継いだが、ラ・サルマーニュ細工営造(エリート大尉)の攻撃は失敗した。ドイツ軍の歩兵隊はヴュー・レンとグラン・レンに退却した。

投稿日時 - 2019-08-20 22:35:14



投稿日時 - 2019-08-21 23:37:30