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The Battle of Zanzibar was an encounter between the German Kaiserliche Marine and the British Royal Navy early in the First World War. While taking on coal in the delta of the Rufiji River in German East Africa, the German cruiser SMS Königsberg learned that a British cruiser, HMS Pegasus, which had been part of the Royal Navy's Cape Squadron sent to counter Königsberg, had put in at Zanzibar for repairs. Königsberg's captain, Commander Max Looff, decided to attack Pegasus while she was in port.
On 20 September 1914 Königsberg sailed past the picket ship HMS Helmuth at the entrance to Zanzibar harbour. Helmuth was unable to warn Pegasus of Königsberg's approach,[why?] with the result that when Konigsberg opened fire she took Pegasus entirely by surprise. As a result, Pegasus suffered severe damage before she was even able to return fire.
Königsberg's guns out-ranged those on Pegasus, which was consequently unable to damage her opponent. The one-sided battle ended in a German victory, Pegasus sank later that day, having lost 38 crew dead. Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, on 19 September 1914, Commander Max Looff of the light cruiser SMS Königsberg was coaling in the Rufiji Delta, when he learned from coast watchers that a British warship had entered Zanzibar harbour. Looff assumed the cruiser at Zanzibar was either HMS Astraea or HMS Pegasus and ordered an immediate attack. As Königsberg had been recently resupplied, she was prepared for battle. Königsberg left on the afternoon tide for her run to Zanzibar.
The protected cruiser Pegasus, under the command of Captain John Ingles, had just left the company of HMS Astraea and Hyacinth for repairs at Zanzibar to her boilers and engines. Also at Zanzibar, the British had armed the captured German tug HMS Helmuth with a 3-pounder gun and posted her as a picket ship at the entrance of the harbor. Königsberg had been built in 1905 and was armed with ten 10.5 cm quick-firing guns, ten 5.2 cm anti-torpedo-boat pieces and two 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes. Pegasus—a Pelorus-class protected cruiser built in 1897—was armed with eight QF 4 inch guns, eight 3-pounders and two 18-inch torpedo tubes. Her complement consisted of 234 officers and men. At dawn on 20 September, Königsberg entered the southern end of the Zanzibar approaches and sailed past the picket ship Helmuth, firing a few warning shots as she passed. Helmuth could neither stop the Königsberg from entering the harbour nor even warn Pegasus of the German cruiser's approach.

投稿日時 - 2019-05-26 01:39:57

QNo.9620114

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>The Battle of Zanzibar was an encounter between the German Kaiserliche Marine and the British Royal Navy early in the First World War. While taking on coal in the delta of the Rufiji River in German East Africa, the German cruiser SMS Königsberg learned that a British cruiser, HMS Pegasus, which had been part of the Royal Navy's Cape Squadron sent to counter Königsberg, had put in at Zanzibar for repairs. Königsberg's captain, Commander Max Looff, decided to attack Pegasus while she was in port.
⇒「ザンジバルの戦い」は、第一次世界大戦初期におけるドイツ皇帝軍海兵隊と英国海軍との会戦であった。ドイツ領東アフリカのルフィジ川のデルタで石炭を採掘している間、ドイツ軍巡洋艦SMSケーニヒスベルク号は、英国巡洋艦のHMSペガサス号が修理のためザンジバルに寄港したことを知った。その巡洋艦は、ケーニヒスベルク号に反撃するために派遣された英国海軍の巡洋艦ケープ隊の一部であった。ケーニヒスベルク号の艦長、マックス・ルーフは、ペガサス号が港にいる間に攻撃することを決心した。

>On 20 September 1914 Königsberg sailed past the picket ship HMS Helmuth at the entrance to Zanzibar harbour. Helmuth was unable to warn Pegasus of Königsberg's approach,[why?] with the result that when Konigsberg opened fire she took Pegasus entirely by surprise. As a result, Pegasus suffered severe damage before she was even able to return fire.
⇒1914年9月20日、ケーニヒスベルク号はザンジバル港の入り口でピケット船(前哨艦)HMSヘルムース号の脇を通過した。ヘルムース号はケーニヒスベルク号の接近についてペガサス号に警告することができなかった〔なぜ?〕が、その結果、ケーニヒスベルク号が発砲したとき、それは完全にペガサス号の急を突いた。その結果、ペガサス号は深刻な被害を受けて砲火を返すことさえできなかった。

>Königsberg's guns out-ranged those on Pegasus, which was consequently unable to damage her opponent. The one-sided battle ended in a German victory, Pegasus sank later that day, having lost 38 crew dead. Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, on 19 September 1914, Commander Max Looff of the light cruiser SMS Königsberg was coaling in the Rufiji Delta, when he learned from coast watchers that a British warship had entered Zanzibar harbour. Looff assumed the cruiser at Zanzibar was either HMS Astraea or HMS Pegasus and ordered an immediate attack. As Königsberg had been recently resupplied, she was prepared for battle. Königsberg left on the afternoon tide for her run to Zanzibar.
⇒ケーニヒスベルク号の銃砲はペガサス号のそれを凌駕していたので、後者は結果として相手に損害を与えることができなかった。一方的な戦いのままドイツ軍の勝利で終わり、ペガサス号はその日遅くに沈没して、38人の乗組員を失った。1914年9月19日、第一次世界大戦が勃発して間もなく、ルフィジのデルタ地帯で石炭補給をしていた軽巡洋艦SMSケーニヒスベルク号の司令官マックス・ルーフは、英国の軍艦がザンジバル港に入ったことを沿岸監視人から聞いた。ルーフは、ザンジバルの巡洋艦がHMSアストラエア号かHMSペガサス号のいずれかであると推定して即時攻撃を命じた。ケーニヒスベルク号は補給を受けたばかりだったので、戦いの準備ができていたのである。(それで)ケーニヒスベルク号は午後の潮時にザンジバルへの航行に出立した。

>The protected cruiser Pegasus, under the command of Captain John Ingles, had just left the company of HMS Astraea and Hyacinth for repairs at Zanzibar to her boilers and engines. Also at Zanzibar, the British had armed the captured German tug HMS Helmuth with a 3-pounder gun and posted her as a picket ship at the entrance of the harbor. Königsberg had been built in 1905 and was armed with ten 10.5 cm quick-firing guns, ten 5.2 cm anti-torpedo-boat pieces and two 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes.
⇒ジョン・イングレス大尉の指揮の下で保護された巡洋艦ペガサス号は、ザンジバルでボイラーとエンジンの修理のためにHMSアストラエア号やヒヤシンス号の中隊から離れたところだった。またザンジバルでは、英国軍が捕獲したドイツ軍のタグボートHMSヘルムース号を3型ポンド砲で武装させ、それが港の入り口にピケット船として配置されていた。ケーニヒスベルク号は1905年に建造され、10門の10.5センチ射撃砲、10隻の5.2 センチ反魚雷艇および2本の18インチ(460ミリ)魚雷管で武装していた。

>Pegasus—a Pelorus-class protected cruiser built in 1897—was armed with eight QF 4 inch guns, eight 3-pounders and two 18-inch torpedo tubes. Her complement consisted of 234 officers and men. At dawn on 20 September, Königsberg entered the southern end of the Zanzibar approaches and sailed past the picket ship Helmuth, firing a few warning shots as she passed. Helmuth could neither stop the Königsberg from entering the harbour nor even warn Pegasus of the German cruiser's approach.
⇒ペガサス号 ―897年に建造されたペロラス級保護巡洋艦― は、8門のQF 4インチ砲、8門の3型ポンド砲および2本の18インチ魚雷管で武装していた。その乗組員数は234人の将校と兵士から成っていた。9月20日の夜明けに、ケーニヒスベルク号はザンジバル港入口の南端に入り、ピケット船ヘルムース号を通り過ぎて航行し、数発の警告弾を発射した。ヘルムース号は、ケーニヒスベルク号が港に入るのを止めることもできず、ペガサス号にドイツ軍の巡洋艦の接近を警告することすらできなかった。

投稿日時 - 2019-05-29 22:56:12

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投稿日時 - 2019-05-30 19:43:00

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