The Belgian position on the right (southern) flank of the Gete, was threatened by a flanking manoeuvre through Huy. On 18 August the Germans attacked again, captured Halen, entered Tienen and attacked the 1st Division frontally and on the northern flank, which the 1st Division repulsed only with great difficulty.
With information that five German corps and six reserve corps were in Belgium and with no support from the French Army and British Expeditionary Force (BEF) ready, the Belgian Field Army was ordered to withdraw towards Antwerp on the evening of 18 August. It arrived on 20 August, with little interference from German advanced parties, except for an engagement between the 1st Division and the German IX Corps near Tienen, in which the Belgians had 1,630 casualties. Brussels, the Belgian capital, was captured on 20 August, as the Belgian Field Army arrived at Antwerp. Namur fell on 24 August, at the same time that the field army made a sortie from Antwerp towards Brussels. The Belgian government of Charles de Broqueville left Brussels and moved to Antwerp to avoid capture by the Germans, who detached the III Reserve Corps from the First Army to mask the city from positions either side of the Dyle Canal. A brigade of the IV Reserve Corps was sent to occupy Brussels. The IX Reserve Corps was ordered to move to Antwerp on 22 August. As part of the war planning conducted by Schlieffen and then Moltke between 1898 and 1914, a plan had been made to isolate Antwerp, to counter the possibility that Belgian forces reinforced by British troops, would threaten the northern flank of the German armies involved in the invasion of France. The plan anticipated operations by eleven divisions from seven reserve corps on the east of the National Redoubt, where inundations were impossible. In 1914 the siege was conducted by only six divisions, one of which was needed to guard the Liège–Brussels railway between Tienen and Brussels and the ground between Brussels and Antwerp. Beseler abandoned the pre-war plan and substituted an attack from south of Antwerp, towards Forts Walem, Sint-Katelijne-Waver and then an exploitation northwards in the area of Forts Koningshooikt, Lier, Kessel, four intermediate works, the river Nete and an inundation 400–500 yards (370–460 m) wide. The 6th and 5th Reserve, Marine and 4th Ersatz divisions forced Belgian outposts back 4–5 miles (6.4–8.0 km) on 28 September and formed a covering line from the Nete to the Scheldt at Mechelen. Behind the covering line, German siege artillery was installed to the east and south of Mechelen, ready to commence a bombardment on Forts Sint-Katelijne-Waver and Walem as the Dorpveld and Bosbeek redoubts, to the north-east of Sint-Katelijne-Waver were engaged by 8-inch (200 mm) mortars and the field defences between the forts, the Nete bridges and Antwerp waterworks north of Walem were bombarded by other heavy guns.

投稿日時 - 2019-05-03 20:47:15




>The Belgian position ~ with great difficulty.

>With information that ~ from Antwerp towards Brussels.

>The Belgian government ~ the invasion of France.

>The plan anticipated ~ 400–500 yards (370–460 m) wide.
⇒この計画は、国家要塞の東に駐留する7個の予備軍団からの11個師団による作戦行動を予定した。国家要塞は浸水の可能性(おそれ)がなかったからである。1914年、包囲は6個師団によって行われたが、そのうちの1個は、ティーネン・ブリュッセル間のリエージュ‐ブリュッセル鉄道と、ブリュッセル・アントワープ間の地面を守るために必要とされた。ベセラーは戦前の計画を放棄し、アントワープ南部からワレム砦、シント‐カテリネ‐ウェイバー砦に向かって攻撃し、その後コニングショイクト、ケッセル、リエールの各砦地域などの北への開発(侵出)、ネテ川の4つの中間施設、および400‐500ヤード(370‐460 m)幅の対浸水工事などに置き換えられた。

>The 6th and 5th Reserve, ~ by other heavy guns.

投稿日時 - 2019-05-10 13:23:50



投稿日時 - 2019-05-10 19:23:29