Major-General T. L. N. Morland the 5th Division commander, ordered Maude to lead another counter-attack reinforced by ten more companies. Maude cancelled the attack when he found that the British line had been restored and the village could only be attacked from the north-west. On the northern flank of the village, the British counter-attack which had begun at 1:30 p.m. had reached the western fringe of the village after an hour but had then been pinned down by machine-gun and sniper fire from the many houses thereabouts. Around 5:00 p.m., about 400 men of the 47th Sikhs arrived but were insufficient to restart the advance. German small-arms fire enfiladed both flanks and every other reinforcement had been sent to fill the gap at Neuve-Chapelle. The counter-attack was ended and after dark the troops dug in around the west end of the village. Later that night the 3rd Division commander, Major-General C. J. Mackenzie, approved the decision to relinquish the village and the survivors of the three British battalions, fewer than 600 men, were collected at Richebourg St Vaast with the 2nd Cavalry Brigade, which had arrived from the north. The new line curved around Neuve-Chapelle, with no man's land reduced to 100 yd (91 m). The II Corps orders to maintain a defensive front but to exploit local opportunities for attack were echoed by GHQ and French, Smith-Dorrien and Willcocks met to arrange for II Corps to be relieved by the Indian Corps. French wanted the corps to rest for several days and then be the BEF reserve. The 3rd Division was ordered by Smith-Dorrien to recapture Neuve-Chapelle, because the German position there threatened the inner flanks of the 3rd and 5th divisions. Every second available man was made available to the Corps Chief Engineer (Major-General C. Mackenzie) to dig a second line and Smith-Dorrien oversaw the preparations at the 3rd Division headquarters for the counter-attack. The 7th Brigade (Brigadier-General McCracken) was to conduct the attack with support from the Indian Corps troops nearby, the 24th Brigade on the right flank and the 2nd Cavalry Brigade at Richebourg St Vaast, though down to 400 men, was made ready to follow up the attack on the right flank. To the north on the left flank a 6th Division battalion, French chasseurs and cyclists from the II Cavalry Corps and a battalion of the 9th Brigade (Brigadier-General Shaw) were also to support the attack.
Fog led to the attack being postponed until 11:00 a.m., after a short bombardment from thirteen Anglo-French batteries. After fifteen minutes the bombardment was moved 500 yd (460 m) forward, ready for the infantry advance but disorganisation, language difficulties and exhaustion led only about four companies advancing, despite the presence of 3rd Division staff officers acting as liaison officers. The flank support was also inadequate due to German return fire and exhaustion, soldiers falling asleep as they fired.

投稿日時 - 2019-04-28 00:00:56




>Major-General T. L. N. Morland ~ many houses thereabouts.

>Around 5:00 p.m., about ~ arrived from the north.

>The new line curved ~ 3rd and 5th divisions.
⇒新しい戦線はヌーヴ・シャペルを中心に曲線を描き、中間地帯は100ヤード(91 m)に狭められた。GHQによって、第II軍団は防御前線を維持しつつ局地攻撃のための機会を利用するようにという命令が反復され、その第II軍団をインド軍が救援する手配をするためにフレンチ、スミス=ドリアン、およびウィルコックスが会談した。フレンチは、軍団が数日間休んでからBEFの予備軍になることを望んでいた。第3師団は、スミス=ドリアンによって、ヌーヴ・シャペルの奪還を命じられた。そこではドイツ軍陣地が、第3師団と第5師団の内側の側面を脅かしていたからであった。

>Every second available man ~ to support the attack.

>Fog led to the attack ~ asleep as they fired.
⇒霧のせいで、仏英軍の13個中隊による短時間の爆撃の後、攻撃は午前11時まで延期された。15分後、砲撃は歩兵隊の進軍に備えて500ヤード(460 m)前進したが、第3師団の将校が連絡役を務めていたにもかかわらず、混乱、言語伝達上の困難、そして消耗により4個中隊ほどしか進まなかった。側面の支援隊もまた、ドイツ軍の報復射撃と消耗のために不十分であり、兵士たちは発砲しながら眠りに落ちる始末だった。

投稿日時 - 2019-04-29 19:54:09



投稿日時 - 2019-04-30 00:37:10