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On 2 August 1914, the Belgian government refused passage through Belgium to German troops and on the night of 3/4 August the Belgian General Staff ordered the 3rd Division to Liège to obstruct a German advance. The German army invaded Belgium on the morning of 4 August. Covered by the Third Division, the Liège fortress garrison, a screen of the Cavalry Division and detachments from Liège and Namur, the Belgian field army closed up to the river Gete and by 4 August, the First Division had assembled at Tienen, the Fifth Division at Perwez, the Second Division at Leuven and the Sixth Division at Wavre, covering central and western Belgium and communications towards Antwerp. German cavalry appeared at Visé early on 4 August, to find the bridge down and Belgian troops on the west bank; the Germans crossed at a ford and forced the Belgians to retire towards Liège. By evening, it was clear to the Belgian High Command that the Third Division and the Liège garrison were in the path of a very large invasion force.
With information that five German corps and six reserve corps were in Belgium and with no immediate support available from the French army and British Expeditionary Force (BEF), the Belgian field army was ordered to withdraw towards the National Redoubt on the evening of 18 August and arrived on 20 August. At an engagement between the First Division and the German IX Corps near Tienen, the Belgians had 1,630 casualties. The Belgian government of Charles de Broqueville left Brussels for Antwerp and the Belgian capital was occupied unopposed on 20 August, as the Belgian field army completed its retirement to Antwerp. The German Siege of Namur ended with a Belgian capitulation on 24 August, as the field army made a sortie from Antwerp towards Brussels. The Germans detached the III Reserve Corps from the 1st Army to mask the city and a division of the IV Reserve Corps to occupy Brussels. On 1 October, General Hans Hartwig von Beseler ordered an attack on the Antwerp forts Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Walem and the Bosbeek and Dorpveld redoubts by the 5th Reserve and Marine divisions. By 11:00 a.m. Fort Walem was severely damaged, Fort Lier had been hit by a 16-inch (410 mm) shell, Fort Koningshooikt and the Tallabert and Bosbeek redoubts were mostly intact and the intervening ground between Fort Sint-Katelijne-Waver and Dorpveld redoubt had been captured. A counter-attack failed and the Fourth Division was reduced to 4,800 infantry. The Belgian commanders ordered the left flank of the army to withdraw to a line of defence north of the Nete, which covered the gap in the outer defences and kept the city out of range of German super-heavy artillery. Proclamations warning the inhabitants that King Albert I and the government would leave Antwerp were put up during the day.

投稿日時 - 2019-03-21 22:07:13

QNo.9599102

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>On 2 August 1914, the Belgian government refused passage through Belgium to German troops and on the night of 3/4 August the Belgian General Staff ordered the 3rd Division to Liège to obstruct a German advance. The German army invaded Belgium on the morning of 4 August. Covered by the Third Division, the Liège fortress garrison, a screen of the Cavalry Division and detachments from Liège and Namur, the Belgian field army closed up to the river Gete and by 4 August, the First Division had assembled at Tienen, the Fifth Division at Perwez, the Second Division at Leuven and the Sixth Division at Wavre, covering central and western Belgium and communications towards Antwerp. German cavalry appeared at Visé early on 4 August, to find the bridge down and Belgian troops on the west bank; the Germans crossed at a ford and forced the Belgians to retire towards Liège. By evening, it was clear to the Belgian High Command that the Third Division and the Liège garrison were in the path of a very large invasion force.
⇒1914年8月2日、ベルギー政府はドイツ軍隊によるベルギー国内通過を拒否し、8月3/4日の夜、ベルギー総督は第3師団にリエージュへのドイツ軍の進軍を妨害するよう命令した。ドイツ方面軍は8月4日の朝にベルギーに侵入した。第3師団、リエージュ要塞駐屯地、騎兵師団の保護編隊、およびリエージュとナミュールからの分遣隊らの保護を受けて、ベルギーの野戦方面軍はゲテ川に接近した。8月4日までに第1師団はティエネンに、第5師団はペルウェズに、第2師団はリューベンに、第6師団はワヴルにそれぞれ集結した。そして、ベルギーの中央部と西部およびアントワープへの連絡網を保護した。ドイツ軍の騎兵隊は8月4日早朝ヴィーゼに現れ、川下に橋を見下ろし、ベルギー軍を西岸に見つけた。ドイツ軍は浅瀬を渡り、ベルギー軍にリエージュへ撤退するよう強いた。夕方頃、ベルギー軍司令官にとっては、第3師団とリエージュ守備隊が非常に大きな侵攻軍団の通行路上にあることは明らかだった。

>With information that five German corps and six reserve corps were in Belgium and with no immediate support available from the French army and British Expeditionary Force (BEF), the Belgian field army was ordered to withdraw towards the National Redoubt on the evening of 18 August and arrived on 20 August. At an engagement between the First Division and the German IX Corps near Tienen, the Belgians had 1,630 casualties. The Belgian government of Charles de Broqueville left Brussels for Antwerp and the Belgian capital was occupied unopposed on 20 August, as the Belgian field army completed its retirement to Antwerp.
⇒ドイツの5個軍団と6個予備軍団がベルギーにあり、フランス方面軍や英国遠征隊(BEF)からの即時支援は得られないという情報から、ベルギー野戦軍は8月18日の夜に国家要塞への撤退を命じられ、8月20日そこに到着した。第1師団とティエネン近くのドイツ第IX軍団との交戦で、ベルギー軍は1,630人の犠牲者を出した。ベルギー野戦軍がアントワープへの撤退を完了したため、シャルル・ド・ブロックビユのベルギー政府はブリュッセルを去ってアントワープに向かった。

>The German Siege of Namur ended with a Belgian capitulation on 24 August, as the field army made a sortie from Antwerp towards Brussels. The Germans detached the III Reserve Corps from the 1st Army to mask the city and a division of the IV Reserve Corps to occupy Brussels. On 1 October, General Hans Hartwig von Beseler ordered an attack on the Antwerp forts Sint-Katelijne-Waver, Walem and the Bosbeek and Dorpveld redoubts by the 5th Reserve and Marine divisions.
⇒野戦軍がアントワープからブリュッセルに向けて出撃したとき、ナミュールのドイツ包囲戦は8月24日にベルギーの条件付降伏をもって終わった。ドイツ軍は第1方面軍から第III予備軍団を派遣して都市を(外部から)遮蔽し、第IV予備軍団の1個師団をブリュッセルの占領用に派遣した。10月1日、ハンス・ハートウィヒ・フォン・ベゼラー将軍はアントワープで第5予備師団と海兵隊師団によるアントワープのシント‐カテリネ‐ワベル砦、ワレムとボスベーク、およびドルプフェルド要塞の攻撃を命じた。

>By 11:00 a.m. Fort Walem was severely damaged, Fort Lier had been hit by a 16-inch (410 mm) shell, Fort Koningshooikt and the Tallabert and Bosbeek redoubts were mostly intact and the intervening ground between Fort Sint-Katelijne-Waver and Dorpveld redoubt had been captured. A counter-attack failed and the Fourth Division was reduced to 4,800 infantry. The Belgian commanders ordered the left flank of the army to withdraw to a line of defence north of the Nete, which covered the gap in the outer defences and kept the city out of range of German super-heavy artillery. Proclamations warning the inhabitants that King Albert I and the government would leave Antwerp were put up during the day.
⇒午前11時までに、ワレムは深刻な被害を受け、リエール砦は16インチ(410ミリ)の砲弾に見舞われ、コニングショィクト砦、タラベール要塞およびボスベーク要塞はほとんど損なわれなかったが、シント‐カテリネ‐ワベル砦とドルプフェルド要塞の間の地面は攻略された。反撃は失敗し、第4師団は歩兵4,800人に減少した。ベルギー軍の指揮官は、方面軍の左側面隊に対しネテ北側の防衛線に撤退するよう命令したが、これにより外側の防御の間隙を埋め、街をドイツ軍による超重砲の射程外に保った。アルベールI世王と政府がアントワープを去るだろうという住民への警告宣言が日中に出された。

投稿日時 - 2019-03-28 09:58:36

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投稿日時 - 2019-03-28 20:30:55

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