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Continuing attacks from 3 to 10 October (including those by the Australian 2nd Division capturing Montbrehain on 5 October and the British 25th Division capturing the village of Beaurevoir on 5/6 October) managed to clear the fortified villages behind the Beaurevoir Line, and capture the heights overlooking the Beaurevoir Line – resulting in a total break in the Hindenburg Line. The Australian Corps was subsequently withdrawn from the line after the fighting on 5 October, for rest and reorganisation. They would not return to the front before the Armistice on 11 November.
Cemeteries and memorials
Dead American soldiers from the battle were interred in the Somme American Cemetery near Bony, where the missing are also commemorated. The U.S. 27th and 30th Divisions (and those other units which served with the British) are commemorated on the Bellicourt Monument, which stands directly above the canal tunnel. The Australian and British dead were interred in numerous Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemeteries scattered around the area, including Bellicourt British Cemetery; Unicorn Cemetery, Vendhuile and La Baraque British Cemetery, Bellenglise (U.K. dead only). Australian soldiers with no known grave are commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Australian National Memorial and the missing British soldiers killed in the battle are commemorated on the Vis-en-Artois Memorial.

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918 until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, a total of 47 days. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers. It was one of a series of Allied attacks known as the Hundred Days Offensive, which brought the war to an end. The battle cost 28,000 German lives, 26,277 American lives and an unknown number of French lives. It was the largest and bloodiest operation of World War I for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), which was commanded by General John J. Pershing, and the deadliest battle in American history. U.S. losses were exacerbated by the inexperience of many of the troops and the tactics used during the early phases of the operation. Meuse-Argonne was the principal engagement of the AEF during World War I.

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive ムーズ・アルゴンヌ攻勢

投稿日時 - 2018-09-16 00:58:04

QNo.9537710

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>Continuing attacks from 3 to 10 October (including those by the Australian 2nd Division capturing Montbrehain on 5 October and the British 25th Division capturing the village of Beaurevoir on 5/6 October) managed to clear the fortified villages behind the Beaurevoir Line, and capture the heights overlooking the Beaurevoir Line – resulting in a total break in the Hindenburg Line. The Australian Corps was subsequently withdrawn from the line after the fighting on 5 October, for rest and reorganisation. They would not return to the front before the Armistice on 11 November.
⇒10月3日から10日までの継続的な攻撃(オーストラリア軍第2師団による10月5日のモンブルハイン攻略と英国軍第25師団による10月5/6日のボレヴォワ村攻略を含む)は、ボレヴォワ戦線背後の強化村を一掃し、ボレヴォワ戦線を見下ろす高地を攻略して ― ヒンデンブルク戦線の完全な突破をもたらした。オーストラリア軍団は、10月5日の戦闘後、休息と再編成のために戦線から撤退した。彼らは11月11日の停戦前まで前線に戻らなかった。

>Cemeteries and memorials
 Dead American soldiers from the battle were interred in the Somme American Cemetery near Bony, where the missing are also commemorated. The U.S. 27th and 30th Divisions (and those other units which served with the British) are commemorated on the Bellicourt Monument, which stands directly above the canal tunnel. The Australian and British dead were interred in numerous Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemeteries scattered around the area, including Bellicourt British Cemetery; Unicorn Cemetery, Vendhuile and La Baraque British Cemetery, Bellenglise (U.K. dead only). Australian soldiers with no known grave are commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Australian National Memorial and the missing British soldiers killed in the battle are commemorated on the Vis-en-Artois Memorial.
⇒墓地と記念碑
 戦地から死亡して戻った米国軍の兵士はボニー近郊のソンム米国軍墓地に葬られた。そこには行方不明者用の記念碑もある。米国軍第27・第30師団(および英国軍に奉仕した他の部隊)は、運河地下道の真上にあるベリクール記念碑に祀られている。オーストラリア軍と英国軍の死者はベリクール英国軍墓地を含み、周辺地域に散在する多数の「連邦戦争墓地委員会」の墓地、ユニコーン墓地、ヴェンデュル墓地、ラ・バラク英国軍墓地であり、ベレングリーズ(英国人死者のみ)に埋葬された。墓地の知られていないオーストラリア軍の兵士たちは、ビリェール・ブレトヌーのオーストラリア国立記念碑で記念され、戦闘で殺されて行方不明になった英国軍の兵士たちはヴィ・ザン・アルトワ記念碑で記念され葬られている。

>The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918 until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, a total of 47 days. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers. It was one of a series of Allied attacks known as the Hundred Days Offensive, which brought the war to an end.
⇒「ムーズ・アルゴンヌ攻勢」(「ムーズ・アルゴンヌの戦い」、または「ムーズ・アルゴンヌ野戦」としても知られている)は、第一次世界大戦の最後の連合国軍攻撃の大部分を成していた。それは、1918年9月26日から1918年11月11日の休戦まで、合計47日間の戦いであった。「ムーズ・アルゴンヌ攻勢」は、120万人の米国軍兵士を含むアメリカ合衆国の軍事史上最大のものであった。それは、この戦争の終焉をもたらした「百日攻勢」として知られる一連の連合国軍攻撃の1つであった。

>The battle cost 28,000 German lives, 26,277 American lives and an unknown number of French lives. It was the largest and bloodiest operation of World War I for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), which was commanded by General John J. Pershing, and the deadliest battle in American history. U.S. losses were exacerbated by the inexperience of many of the troops and the tactics used during the early phases of the operation. Meuse-Argonne was the principal engagement of the AEF during World War I.
⇒この戦闘では、ドイツ軍28,000人の命、米国軍26,277人の命、そして、フランス軍の未知数の命が犠牲になった。これは、ジョン・ペーシング将軍が指揮をとったアメリカ遠征軍(AEF)にとって、第一次世界大戦中で最大の流血を見た作戦行動であり、米国史の中で最も致命的な戦いであった。米国軍の損失は、多くの兵士の経験不足と作戦行動の初期段階で使用された戦術によって悪化した。ムーズ・アルゴンヌは、第一次世界大戦におけるAEFの主要な会戦であった。

投稿日時 - 2018-09-20 23:31:57

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2018-09-20 23:53:05

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